North Caucasus: Fires Of Chechen Republic of Ichkeria Still Burn
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Fires will continue to burn in the mountains of Ichkeria [aka "Chechnya"] until all Russian occupants leave Chechen soil forever.
The World's people and Governments historically repeat lies of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria being "an internal affair" of Russia and a separatist movement currently due to a lack of knowledge and protection of certain financial interests. The following is a simple outline of historical events that lead to Chechen Independence and the creation of Ichkeria.
The Chechen Republic of Ichkeria seceded from the USSR, in full compliance with the provisions of the Constitution at the time and International Law:
-9 January 1957 Chechen-Ingush Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic was restored by Nikita Khrushchev.
-26 April 1990 by constitutional law of the USSR all of the Unions and autonomous republics were equalized in terms of rights.
-23 -25 November 1990 -The NCChP (All-National Congress of Chechen people) declares, on behalf of the Chechen people, the sovereignty of the Chechen Republic (Nokhchicho)
-27 November 1990 -The Supreme Soviet [Council] of the Chechen-Ingush ASSR forms a new State of Union status known as the Chechen-Ingush Republic and declares the Act as "an official declaration of State sovereignty of the Chechen-Ingush Republic", subsequently approved by the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR [Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic] the highest Russian legal body and legitimate authority of that time!
-11 March 1991- The Supreme Soviet [Council] of the Chechen-Ingush Republic adopted a resolution of the refusal to hold a referendum on the introduction of elections to the Russian post of President of the RSFSR. Representatives of the council of CIR, citing the reason at the time as the Declaration of State Sovereignty of CIR on 27 November 1990 of the previous year, according to which the Republic was declared a sovereign and independent state.
-1-2 September 1991, The third session of the NCChP was held, a resolution was adopted to hold the elections of the President and Parliament of the Chechen Republic. The Election Commission was determined and would develop basic legal documents for the elections. NCChP Executive Committee was mandated to organize and hold elections.
-6 September 1991 The NCChP led by Dzhokhar Dudayev took control of the main political and administrative centers of Grozny and Chechen Republic.
-6 September was declared the Day of restoration of state and independence of the Chechen people.
-27 October 1991-Under the supervision of representatives from 27 countries and world organizations, elections were held for the offices of President and Parliament of the Chechen Republic- Dzhokhar Dudayev was elected President.
-1 November 1991-President Dzhokhar Dudayev of the Chechen Republic issued his first official decree which declared the sovereignty of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria.
-9 November 9 1991-In the city of Johar [Grozny], the inauguration of the first Chechen President, Dzhokhar Dudayev, was held.
-27 November 1991-President Dzhokhar Dudayev of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria issued a decree on the nationalization of weapons and equipment of the military units stationed on the territory of the Republic.
*The dissolution of the Soviet Union was formally enacted on 26 December 1991-acknowledging the independence of the former Soviet republics and creating the Commonwealth of Independent States*
-The Constitution of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria was adopted on 12 March 1992 almost 2 years earlier than the adoption of the Constitution of the Russian Federation [adopted on 12 December 1993].
-13 March 1992-The Supreme Council of the Republic of Georgia (the highest legislative body of the Office of President Zviad Gamsakhurdia), at its session in Grozny declared the act of recognition of independence of the Chechen Republic.
-8 June 1992-Russian troops left the territory of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria.
-January 1994-President Dzhokhar Dudayev signed the decree which officially renamed the Chechen Republic (CR) to the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria (ChRI).
*The was an independent state by the beginning of the first Chechen-Russian war in 1994 which lasted almost 2 years and resulted in over 120,000 people killed.*
*-21 April 1996-First President of , Dzhokhar Dudayev was assassinated by Russia using two laser-guided missiles while he was using a satellite phone. His location was detected by a Russian reconnaissance aircraft using telephone homing equipment supplied to Moscow by the US National Security Agency, which intercepted his phone call at the time. Vice President, Zelimkhan Yandarbiyev became acting President until elections were held in January of 1997. Also following the assassination of Dzhokhar Dudayev, the first Parliament of Ichkeria renamed the city of Grozny to Dzokhar-Ghala (Chechen: Джовхар-Гӏала), or Dzhokhar//Johar for short, in honor of the first President of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria*
The war ended in a victory for the Chechens over Russia officially on 31 August 1996.
Russian troops fully left the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria following the signing of the "Khasavyurt Accord" of 30 August 1996 between Generals Alexander Lebed [Russian] and Aslan Maskhadov [Chechen].
Aslan's interview recounting this specific event can be read here in English
-27 January 1997-Elections were held for the second time in the history of the Chechens in their newly formed independent state of ChRI. Aslan Maskhadov was elected President. Observers from 40 countries of the world attended
in observance and recognized the democratic elections, even Russia!
Inauguration of Aslan Maskhadov, February 26, 1997
-12 May 1997 - "Agreement on Peace and Principles of Mutual Relations between the Russian Federation and the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria" was signed which was a de facto recognition of the independence of Ichkeria. When signing Maskhadov and Yeltsin declared the end of a 400 year standoff and confrontation!
***The occupation and war is still going on in so the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria Parliament which was elected in 1997, will remain legitimate until new democratic elections are held in a free .
The two wars have resulted in over 250 thousand people [Free Caucasus Movement reports as high as 300,000]-25% of the entire population of Chechen peoples-murdered [including 42,000 Chechen children] and hundreds of thousands of people injured, disabled, imprisoned and exiled.
"And now they call this an Anti-terrorist Operation now don't they? ...I know the war will continue because it's not about destroying "terrorists" but about creating obedient people who do as they are told. There are artillery shells flying over my head every night here and it will stay like that as long as there are some that want to live in their own ways and not how the Kremlin wants. It's Russia's Imperialist mindset, it's a fact, it exists." -Petra , Czech journalist and humanitarian worker living in Johar [Grozny] -Chechen Lullaby 2001
AN OPEN LETTER TO CITIZEN PUTIN V.V. -Copied to all government institutions in Russia, to all political parties, human rights and other non-government organizations, the media and all those citizens of Russia and the world who care
OPEN LETTER FROM “PEACE AND HUMAN RIGHTS”-I address this plea to the United Nations, European Union and other highest international institutions, with support of tens of thousands of people from all over the world. I am attaching the list of the crimes for your attention and launching investigation.
Said-Emin Ibragimov Requests International Criminal Court to Open a Criminal Case Against Putin (LETTER TO PROSECUTOR)- "...a request to open a criminal case proprio motu against President Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin and military and political personnel of the Russian Federation who have committed heinous crimes, – Aggression, Genocide, Crimes Against Humanity, and War Crimes – against the Chechen people."
Short Documentary: Противостояние. Confrontation (English)
An anonymous defender and Resistance Fighter of the Chechen Battalion of Sheikh Mansur in Ukraine
"Dear participants of this Group!
I would like to clarify the situation a bit regarding the continuous debate surrounding the name of our country. Initially according to the Constitution adopted in 1992 our country was named CR-Chechen Republic and accordingly that is what it was called and in the year of 1993 the Russian Federation did not include our country illegally as a part of the Russian Federation in its Constitution. By the way, the Chechen Republic did not participate in the referendum of the Constitution of the Russian Federation and Russia had no authority to include a sovereign State as a Federation member without its consent. In the same year, the Chechen Republic's Constitution had been amended and it became known as Chechen Republic of Ichkeria. So that is what it is called now, despite the occupation. Many opponents who are of the old Soviet habit call my Country "Chechnya" arguing that they are more accustomed to, it is shorter and other arguments. Many of these persons are of Chechen ethnicity even and who either do this out of habit or out of ignorance or out of hatred for freedom (as Ichkeria was of freedom and not anyone can deny) and to the word Ichkeria. Unfortunately, even the politicians of Ichkeria are guilty of such inadvertence and mistakes in using the name of our country, which in my opinion, at the very least is indecent! One should not use such a contemptuous and derogatory name given to our country by occupiers. And how can we demand from others to call our country ChRI [Chechen Republic of Ichkeria] when even we don't call it by name correctly? ...But, all the same, I would like to appeal to fellow citizens, as well as sympathetic people to us of other countries: do not refer to our country as it is referred to by the occupier."
24 Year Anniversary of Chechen Republic of Ichkeria's Independence, Celebrated in Kyiv on 09/06/2015:
This is the flag of the free Noxchi [Chechen] Nation of Ichkeria, not any flag of what some call as "Chechnya". Historically, the word Ichkeri and Ichkeria originated, as the well known linguistic researcher Johanna Nichols from the University of California, Berkeley has noted in her studies, "After the 14th century Second Mongol Invasion of Durdzuketi [ancient Vainakh lands in North Caucasus] and the destruction wrought by the two invasions (including, as Amjad Jaimoukha notes, "the destruction of their memory of their past"), they radically changed their culture. They became known as the Ichkeri (Turkic for "freedom people"), and their land as Ichkeria."
Degi Dudayev [The youngest son of Dzhokhar Dudayev, The first President of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria] described in 2013 during an interview the background of how this flag was designed by his father, "In 1990, he [Degi] remembers, his father had returned home from a summit in the Netherlands, where all the nations of the Caucasus had been represented, and brought with him a sketch he had made of the new Chechen flag and coat of arms: nine stars representing the nine Chechen tribes, or and a wolf laying down with a sun in the background."
Shortly after Dzhokhar was elected President he said in an interview very clearly that there was no territory in North Caucasus called Chechnya and that historically no Chechen accepted their nation to be called as Chechnya. He described the name of Chechnya as a "disgraceful nickname" that far too many saw as being offensive like "a name imposed on a dog" he further explained, "This decision was reviewed at a cabinet meeting where I gave irrefutable evidence that we must get rid of this disgraceful name. I just changed the name from 'Chechnya' to 'Ichkeria.' People have understanding to this decision. I was pleasantly surprised when the day after this I saw in the press, in letters, as well as heard on television instead of the name 'Chechnya' the name Ichkeria was being used. Praise be to God that we got rid of this disgraceful nickname. The matter is definitively and completely closed. "Chechnya" is no more!"
"There was one nation that would not give in, would not acquire the mental habits of submission—and not just individual rebels among them, but the whole nation to a man. These were the Chechens." ~ Alexander Solzhenitsyn
Open Letter: Statement of Indefinite Protest -6 November 2015
I address all High international organizations, including the European Parliament (since 1994). However, my appeal is ignored under various pretexts, although it is clear to everyone that without official investigation and fair examination of the Chechen issue our nation is doomed to more and more suffering. This is monstrous injustice when killing of one fourth of the entire population of Chechnya, shooting with all kinds of modern weapons, the bombing of cities and towns, kidnapping and murder, torture and extrajudicial executions, and many others totally unjustified crimes against the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria and its people is considered to be just “an internal affair of Russia.” ...
...I ask you to give a clear and unequivocal answer: What legal mechanisms should we use to achieve justice? Or should we die and leave this unsolved problem of relations with Russia to our future generations, knowing that the failure to recognize the crimes of Russia against the Chechen people will potentially doom our people to more suffering and death? ...
"Ichkeria Will Return" Chechens Protest Against Russian Terror & Violence in Occupied Chechnya
Vainakh Nations Deportation: Chechen & Ingush Genocide -72 Year Remembrance "We Will Not Forgive. We Will Not Forget"
For Further Background on the Resistance in Caucasus See
"Chechen Terrorists" or the North Caucasus Resistance 101 for Plastic Brains
De-Bunkage: The Russified Reporting of Shaun Walker on the North Caucasus
North Caucasus Institute Opens A Wall in Kyiv In Memory Of The Fallen Heroes Of Caucasus
Petition to stop extra-judicial executions in North Caucasus